Delegating job duties to different people for different reasons can be seen as two things: Compartmentalizing and micro-managing. Whatever label you choose put on it, it can be a very effective way of running a business. Clarity and a sense of purpose is necessary in all phases of a business, and it all starts with the clarity of knowing what you will do and what your co-workers will do. Read more about his interview at Ideamensch.
Glen Wakeman swears by this method and he runs a very successful business with it. To do this, you also need to make sure employees know why things are handled this way. The main reason is for more effective collaboration between employees and between departments. When everything and everyone has a clear function and goal, it makes collaboration more effective. People know where they stand and they can communicate better with colleagues this way.
Also, when responsibilities are clear from the outset, the decision making relevant to those responsibilities are more on point. This effectiveness goes a long way in promoting fresh ideas, productivity and high morale. When people know what is expected from them, they can excel faster and easier than if their job function is unclear. View Glen Wakeman’s profile linkedin.com.
When delegating job functions and roles to people, you must also make sure they fit the personalities and professional qualifications of the people you are assigning the roles to. This should be a no-brainier, but many companies see this as pushing people to excel at tasks they have never done. This is not only counter-productive but it could also be construed as management not having faith in what an employee has proven they are capable of. Among other things, this can be bad for morale. At its worst, this management style can lead to low production, ineffective ideas and poor implementation of said ideas.